Sandile Hlatshwayo: “These are historic times, and they need a historic response”

April 12, 2023

A personal journey of macroeconomic curiosity has led UC Berkeley alum Sandile Hlatshwayo Ph.D. ’17 to the Council of Economic Advisers (CEA) as a senior economist. Hlatshwayo is covering the international portfolio during her year at CEA, which advises the president on trade, inflation, employment, supply chains, and other top economic issues. She is on a temporary leave from the International Monetary Fund, where she began working in 2017.

Hlatshwayo’s career trajectory began with an “econ origin story,” as she calls it, which stemmed from growing up in suburban Ohio and often visiting family in South Africa and Brooklyn, New York. She wondered why those three places were so different, why there was inequality within each community, and why immigrant groups often congregated around specific cities. Her interest in exploring those questions eventually led her west to Berkeley.

Read her story at