Writing slavery back into American business history

February 12, 2019

Caitlin Rosenthal, an assistant professor of history, has published a new book, Accounting for Slavery: Masters and Management, which examines how slaveowners in the West Indies and the American South were early innovators of many business practices and terms we use today. “It is an attempt to write slavery back into the history of American business,” Rosenthal said of her book.

Warren’s ‘wealth tax’ plan relies on findings of Berkeley economists

February 11, 2019

In the run-up to the 2020 presidential election, U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren is counting on Americans being captivated by her push for additional taxes on the richest people in the country. For the numbers behind her plan, she’s turned to two UC Berkeley economists, Emmanuel Saez and Gabriel Zucman. The two coauthored a paper on wealth inequality for the National Bureau of Economic Research which says the current high level of wealth inequality “is almost entirely due to the rise of the top 0.1 percent wealth share.”

U.S. patent office indicates it will issue third CRISPR patent to UC

February 8, 2019

The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has issued a notice of allowance for a University of California patent application covering systems and methods for using single molecule guide RNAs that, when combined with the Cas9 protein, create more efficient and effective ways for scientists to target and edit genes. U.S.

Uranus and Neptune are more interesting than we thought, new images show

February 7, 2019

UC Berkeley researchers, both faculty and students, are jumping in to interpret new images of the planet Uranus and Neptune recently released by NASA. The images reveal clues to the planets' weather, including massive year-long storms.

Two honored with Faculty Service Awards

February 5, 2019

Ignacio Navarrete, a professor of Spanish and Portuguese, was one of two faculty members honored with UC Berkeley’s prestigious 2019 Berkeley Faculty Service Award. The award recognizes “outstanding and dedicated service to the campus . . . {that has} significantly enhanced the quality of the campus as an educational institution and community of scholars.”"

Gasp! First audio map of oohs, aahs and uh-ohs spans 24 emotions

February 4, 2019

Non-verbal communication say a lot more about what we’re feeling than previously understood, according to a new study authored by psychology professor Dacher Keltner. Scientists found they can convey at least 24 kinds of emotion, more than double the previously researched amount.

Scientists find new and smaller CRISPR gene editor: CasX

February 4, 2019

A new gene-editing protein, CasX, may give CRISPR-Cas9 a run for its money. Discovered two years ago by UC Berkeley scientists Jill Banfield and Jennifer Doudna in some of the world’s smallest bacteria, the enzyme's size creates an advantage in delivering a gene editor into a cell.

Discovery could help improve cystic fibrosis treatment

January 30, 2019

Researchers exploring the effects of a long-standing treatment for cystic fibrosis have discovered a potential new target for drugs to treat the disease, which has no cure and typically cuts decades off the lives of patients. The research, a collaboration between the University of Saskatchewan in Canada and UC Berkeley, is based on a unique method to measure fluid secretion in the lungs.

Sleep loss heightens pain sensitivity, dulls brain’s painkilling response

January 28, 2019

A new study led by Matthew Walker, a UC Berkeley professor of neuroscience and psychology, has identified neural glitches in the sleep-deprived brain that can intensify and prolong the agony of sickness and injury. The findings, published Jan. 28 in the Journal of Neuroscience, help explain the self-perpetuating cycles contributing to the overlapping global epidemics of sleep loss, chronic pain and even opioid addiction.

Whopping big viruses prey on human gut bacteria

January 28, 2019

Some of the largest ever bacteria-eating viruses, or "bacteriophages", have been discovered in the human gut, where they periodically devastate bacteria just as seasonal outbreaks of flu lay humans low. The new study was Jill Banfield, who leads the Innovative Genomics Institute’s microbiology initiative and is a UC Berkeley professor of earth and planetary science and of environmental science, policy and management.