A new dark matter detector, which will be at least 100 times more sensitive than its predecessor, has cleared another approval milestone and is on schedule to begin its deep-underground hunt for theoretical particles known as WIMPs, or weakly interacting massive particles, in 2020. WIMPs are among the top prospects for explaining dark matter, the unseen stuff that scientists have observed only through gravitational effects.
Nobel Prize-winning physicist Eric Betzig and world-class biophysicist Na Ji will join the UC Berkeley faculty in the summer of 2017. Concurrent with their hire at UC Berkeley, Betzig and Ji will have joint appointments and research programs at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) as faculty scientists in the Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division of the Biosciences Area.
Why does the arrow of time flow inexorably toward the future, constantly creating new “nows”?
That quest resulted in a book published today, NOW: The Physics of Time (W. W. Norton), which delves into the history of philosophers’ and scientists’ concepts of time, uncovers a tendency physicists have to be vague about time’s passage, demolishes the popular explanation for the arrow of time and proposes a totally new theory.
An experiment to explore the aftermath of cosmic dawn, when stars and galaxies first lit up the universe, has received nearly $10 million in funding from the National Science Foundation to expand its detector array in South Africa. Led by UC Berkeley, HERA will explore the billion-year period after hydrogen gas collapsed into the first stars, perhaps 100 million years after the Big Bang, through the ignition of stars and galaxies throughout the universe. T
What’s life like aboard a scientific research vessel plying the California coast deploying robots to unlock important data about climate change? A team of scientists and engineers from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and UC Berkeley have just set out on such a venture.
The video simulation covers 700,000 years, and is based on computer code created by UC Berkeley astrophysicist Richard Klein to capture the effects of radiation, magnetic fields, gravity and other physical phenomena and paint a realistic portrait of star formation.